Histories of modern science often begin with the heroic battle between Galileo and the Catholic Church that sparked the Scientific Revolution and led to the world-changing discoveries of Isaac Newton. In reality, more than a millennium before the Renaissance, a succession of scholars paved the way for the discoveries for which Galileo and Newton are often credited. In Before Galileo, John Freely investigates the pioneering research of the first European scientists, many of them monks whose influence ranged far beyond the walls of the monasteries where they studied and wrote. Before Galileo places the great discoveries of the age in their rightful context.
'A sinuous odyssey ... Freely chronicles the transmission of scientific ideas from ancient Greece and Rome to an early modern Europe on the cusp of the scientific revolution.' Booklist 'Informative and intriguing ... Freely shows how Western science developed in relation to - and in controversy with - ancient Greek ideas about matter, light, motion and the structure of the heavens.' Publishers Weekly
John Freely was born in Brooklyn, New York in 1926. He left school at seventeen to join the US Navy for the last years of World War II. He has a PhD from New York University and completed his postdoctoral studies at Oxford. He teaches physics at Bosphorous University in Istanbul. He has written over forty books, including The Grand Turk and Istanbul: The Imperial City.